The European eel, Anguilla Anguilla, is classified as critically endangered by the IUCN. While the reasons for the decline are still subject to continuous research, they may include pollution, loss of wetlands, construction of dams, climate change as well as nematode parasites. In 2007, the European Union issued Council Regulation (EC) No. 1100/2007 for the protection and future management of endangered eel populations in Europe, establishing measures for the recovery of the stock of European eel. Stocking programs have since been introduced across Europe.
Working with researchers from the State Research Institute for Agriculture and Fisheries MV, Germany, NGS experts at Edinburgh Genetics provided whole genome sequencing (WGS) services on tissue samples of eels before analysing the genomic data to focus on ecotype-specific SNPs. The results of this investigation provide crucial insights into the selection of future stocking areas (coastal or inland waters), which is of vital importance to the survival of the species. Based on our innovative egSEQ library preparation solutions, we were able to generate the most extensive genomic dataset on the species, providing researchers and policymakers with scientific insights and a comprehensive set of tools for setting future policy objectives and devising conservation solutions.
Read more about Anguilla Anguilla:
Freyhof, J. & Kottelat, M. 2010. Anguilla Anguilla. The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species 2010: e.T60344A12353683.